Fusion Power Explained – Future or Failure
The British company Tokamak Energy in its new reactor heated the hydrogen plasma to 15 million °C, which exceeds the temperature of the Sun’s core. Company officials say the achievement is moving them closer to building the world’s first fusion reactor for commercial power generation, possibly even in 2030..
Tokamak Energy has created the ST40 reactor, in which it has obtained super-hot plasma using magnetic fields. A successful test made it possible to reach the maximum temperature in terrestrial conditions. In addition, it paves the way for an experiment planned for next year, during which the company wants to achieve a target of 100 million °C, which is the operating temperature for starting continuous thermonuclear fusion.
By 2025, engineers plan to achieve a controlled fusion of atoms and build a reactor that can produce several megawatts of electricity. Tokamak Energy intends to get ahead of the international project ITER, which will be built in France, and it will start generating the first plasma only by 2040. Basically, both projects want to create miniature stars to generate electricity..
Recall that Elon Musk explained why humanity should go beyond the Earth.
text: Ivan Malichenko, photo: Shutterstock